Worker bees are all females.
The worker bees, those who gather pollen and make the honey, are actually all females. The male bees do not make honey. This was only known recently. However 1400 years ago the Quran refers to bees that generate the honey as females (the Arabic grammar is in the female mode):
وَأَوْحَىٰ رَبُّكَ إِلَى النَّحْلِ أَنِ اتَّخِذِي مِنَ الْجِبَالِ بُيُوتًا وَمِنَ الشَّجَرِ وَمِمَّا يَعْرِشُونَ
ثُمَّ كُلِي مِنْ كُلِّ الثَّمَرَاتِ فَاسْلُكِي سُبُلَ رَبِّكِ ذُلُلًا ۚ يَخْرُجُ مِنْ بُطُونِهَا شَرَابٌ مُخْتَلِفٌ أَلْوَانُهُ فِيهِ شِفَاءٌ لِلنَّاسِ ۗ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ
[Quran 16.68-69] And your Lord (Allah) revealed to the bees: Build your hives in mountains, trees and in what they build. Then eat (for females) from every fruit and follow (for females) your Lord’s enslaved paths, from their bellies (for females) exits drink of different colors, in it healing for man. These are signs for those who contemplate.
- For the word “eat”: “Kuli” is for females; “Kul” is for males. The Quran used “Kuli” (females).
- For the word “follow a path”: “Usluki” is for females; “Usluk” is for males. The Quran used “Usluki” (females).
- For the word “their bellies”: “butuniha” is for females; “butunihim” is for males. The Quran used “butuniha” (females).
How could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have known that those honey making bees are females?
Bees build their hives from their own wax however scientists just discovered bees that build hives in wood and even in solid rock.
Carpenter bees drill their hives in wood.
Some bees can even drill in solid rock.
[Quran 16.68-69] And your Lord (Allah) revealed to the bees: Build your hives in mountains, trees and in what they build…
God ordered the bees to drill in mountains (solid rock), trees (wood) in addition to the known wax hives.
How could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have known that bees can drill in solid rock?